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5 science and space event to watch out for in 2021

 5 science and space event to watch out for in 2021.

Covid-19 is looking for signs that could support Mars life, with international cooperation for vaccine roll-out, scientists have an exciting plan for 2021.

1: THE RACE TO MARS.


The probes from China, the United States and the UAE arrived on Mars in February 2021. All three missions were launched in July 2020. China's Tianwen-1 mission, which is about to land for the first time, will use water and Signs of lifes. Camera, radar, particle analyzer and other equipment. If the touchdown is successful, it will be the first exploration of the planet by probing an orbiter, a lander and a rover into one. The United Arab Emirates' Hope Orbiter and America's Perseverance Rover Mission must arrive at Mars at the same time. The Hope Mission is scheduled to study daily and seasonal weather cycles to understand how the red planet's climate and weather differ from Earth. The Perseverance, which includes a Helicopter drone, aims to look for signs of past life on Mars, as well as Water.

2: THE FIRST JABS OF THE VACCINE.


Worldwide, collective Covid-19 vaccination programs are also set to begin as the international science community and the pharma industry collaborate on a scale never seen before. India on Friday approved emergency use for the Oxford University-AstraZeneca vaccine, created and distributed by the Serum Institute of India. The vaccine, which has shown an efficacy rate of 62%, was cleared by UK authorities early last week, but the director-general of India’s Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation had stated that, it would review the data independently. On 2nd January 2021, state governments conducted a dry run of the vaccination drive in their capital cities. Serum Institute has said that it has reserved 75 million doses of the vaccine for India and could increase this to 100 million doses in January. In India, a select group of 300 million people will receive the first vaccines - 10 million healthcare workers, 20 million frontline workers, and 270 million people over the age of 50 who have fewer than 50 co-morbidities. Identifying these groups will be a challenge, but there is definitely a list to look forward to.

3: CLEANING UP SPACE.


Space junk's masses are floating around in
Space, and a project to try and clean up the debris will be launched in March 2021 on a Russian Soyuz rocket from Kazakhstan. The End-of-Life Services by Astroscale demonstration (ELSA-d) mission a 175kg ‘servicer’ and a 17kg ‘client’ that will try to capture orbital debris. The number of dead and dying satellites and other space junk is expected to increase in the coming years as satellite development costs decline and more private companies send spacecraft, satellites and other objects into lower  orbit.

4: INDIA'S PSLV - C51 LAUNCH.


The PSLV-C51 will be the Indian Space Research Organization's first launch in 2021. It will carry three privately built Indian satellites and one from Brazil. India scheduled its first crew mission in the spacecraft Gaganyaan in December 2021, but the 
Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted the schedule. Two unused missions - one in December 2020 and one in July 2021 - preceded the crew's launch. The revised deadline is now August 2022. The epidemic has also delayed other big-ticket missions that ISRO had planned for the year, including India's first solar mission, the Aditya L1, scheduled in mid-2020.

5: JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE LAUNCH.


In October, the long-awaited James Webb Space Telescope, expected to be the most powerful space telescope, will be launched. The $ 8.8 billion telescope will follow the Stardust of the Hubble Telescope, which was launched in 1990 and has since made more than 1.3 million observations. The web telescope will be able to cover more wavelengths than Hubble, and will allow scientists to peer deeper into the universe. They will meet to observe the galaxies that formed earlier and see the stars forming the system of
Planets. The final series of tests for its deployment was completed in December 2020, one step closer to its launch in 2021.


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