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how scientists saw the black hole swallowing the star

how scientists saw the black hole swallowing the star



Incidents that have swallowed the stars of a black hole have been occurring before, but scientists have been able to observe the entire process from the beginning.

We do not know anything about any incident inside the Black Hole, but the events surrounding it tell us a lot. Occurrence of matter in a black hole is also very rare. But astronomers have caught a moment in which a supermassive black hole is swallow ing a Star shaped like a Sun. The European Southern Observatory (ESO) released this photo with detailed information.

LIGHT EMISSION

Using the European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescope, researchers observed a process called the tidal disruption event of a flame of light emanating from a blackhole located 215 light years away from Earth. Under this process, the matter of stars is absorbed into the blackhole.

EVENT SEEMS LIKE A SCIENCE FANTASY

Researchers saw a star break apart when the blackhole was swallowing that star. Matt Nicholl, the lead author of this study and research fellow and professor at the Royal Astronomical Society at Birmingham University, said, "Swallowing a black hole seems to be part of a science fantasy story, but this is exactly what the Tidal Disruption Event is."

HOW DOES IT HAPPEN


When a star approaches a Supermassive Black Hole, it comes under the influence of the intense gravity of the blackhole. In this case, the star explodes and its substance starts pulling like a wire or thread, this process is called spaghettification.

EFFECT OF GRAVITY

The study is published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Stephen Basa, researcher at the Marseille Astrophysics Laboratory, says that when these forces exceed the forces that bind the material of the star, the star begins to eat its parts, which are rapidly absorbed into the blackhole.

PROCESS LASTING MONTH

This extraordinary behavior produces a rapid electromagnetic emission that lasts for several months while the substance does not completely dissolve in the blackhole. Basa said that half of the star remains after the Tidal Disruption event and only half disappears.

THIS INCIDENT HAS NOT HAPPENED FOR THE FIRST TIME BUT

Such an incident has been observed earlier, but even the light is not able to be seen properly due to the dust and residue coming in the way. Since astronomers saw him shortly after this event, they were also able to find out how the remains become a hindrance to its appearance.

OVERVIEW OF THE ENTIRE PROCESS FOR SIX MONTH

Using powerful telescopes, the researchers observed this six-month process in which the glow of the flame of light increased and gradually faded after six months.

Nicholl stated that the observations show that the mass of the star involved in this event was the same as that of our Sun, but the blackhole is also huge, whose weight is millions of times more. Researchers believe that observation of this phenomenon will help scientists better understand the events around the supermassive blackhole.

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