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Solar storm likely to hit Earth today: signal of phone and GPS may bhi impacted

 Solar storm likely to hit Earth today: signals of phone and GPS may bhi impacted.

View of sun from Earth

According to the Spaceweather.com website, a massive solar storm is expected to hit Earth on July 13. 

The high speed storm is approaching the Earth at a speed of 1.6 million kilometers per hour.

The storm could affect power supply and communications infrastructure around the world. 

A fast-moving stream of solar wind is expected to collide with Earth's magnetic field. Spaceweather.com said wind speeds could reach 600 km/s.

According to a report in the Indian Express, satellites in the Earth's upper atmosphere can be affected by oncoming solar flares and this can directly affect GPS navigation, mobile phone signals and satellite TV. Power grids can also be affected by solar flares.

The latest prediction from the United States Space Weather Prediction Center says the storm could blackout high-frequency radio communications over a vast area for about an hour.

The sun
High speed solar storm likely to hit Earth today

How does the solar storm form?

Solar storms have their roots in an 11-year cycle that changes the polarity of the Sun's magnetic field. 

The magnetic forces acting on the Sun become entangled during the process and can seep out through the surface, sending the Sun's plasma into outer space and potentially triggering storms on Earth.

What is Solar Flare?

According to NASA, a solar flare is a rapid burst of radiation that comes from the release of magnetic energy associated with sunspots. Flares are the biggest explosive events in our solar system.

They are seen as bright areas on the Sun and can last from minutes to hours. We typically see a solar flare triggered by photons (or light), at every wavelength of the spectrum.

The primary methods of monitoring flares are X-rays and optical light. Flares are also places where particles (electrons, protons and heavy particles) are accelerated.

NASA classifies the largest flares as X-class flares. Flares are classified according to their strength, with the smallest being classified as A-class. It is followed by B-Class, C-Class, M-Class and X-Class.




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